Whizbang revival of Stoppard play
By Jerry Tallmer
The study of moral philosophy is an attempt to determine what we mean when we say something is good and that something else is bad. Not all value judgments, however, are the proper study of the moral philosopher. Language is a finite instrument crudely applied to an infinity of ideas, and . . . modern philosophy has made itself ridiculous by analysing such statements as This is a good bacon sandwich . . . [T]o say that this is a good bacon sandwich is only to say that by the criteria applied by like-minded lovers of bacon sandwiches, this one is . . . crisp, lean, and unadulterated by tomato sauce
George Moore in Jumpers
The criterion of Broadway-as-business, on the other hand, runs all too eagerly to soggy, fat, and drowned in tomato sauce. As a result, the crisp, crackling, whizbang revival of Tom Stoppards Jumpers at the Brooks Atkinson will be closing a month and half early (on July 11) because the show, nominated for four Tony Awards (Best Revival, Best Direction, Best Actor, Best Actress), did not come away with a single one.
But it will live, will remain very much alive, both on the page and in the minds of anyone fortunate enough to have relished its past or present stage incarnations, 30 years apart, in New York and/or London.
It was 1971 and Stoppard was 33 or 34 when he wrote this dazzling play, his brain cells set agog by the life, thought, and works of Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), English philosopher, mathematician, and ageless lothario.
I am a camera, said Christopher Isherwood. I am a magpie, says Tom Stoppard. And he really is. A magpie who reads everything, voraciously, on all sides, inside and outside, of, let us say, James Joyce, Tristan Tzara, V.I. Lenin, and then writes a play called Travesties; of A.E. Housman, John Ruskin, and Oxford University (where non-colleged Stoppard did not go), then writes The Invention of Love; of Lord Byron, landscape gardening, and 19th-century romantic poetry, then writes Arcadia; or, for that matter, reads Shakespeare, and then (four years before Jumpers) writes a play about those two shadowy guys whose names are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
` Or reads Bertrand Russell & Co.
You know, somebody once referred to Bertrand Russell as the non-playing captain of the Bloomsbury Group, Stoppard said, half in self-mockery, sucking on a stem of his hornrims what he really craved was a cigarette during a recent brief visit to New York.
I wanted to write a play about the moral philosophers, he said. Its just an area that has interested me from my earliest intelligence, really. Whether our sense of good and evil, good behavior or bad behavior, is a social-psychological convention or is given to us from . . .
Call it God, call it what you will, replied this lean, tall, gracious, god-given heir to Wilde and Shaw, 44 years after he first burst in to the Sheridan Square offices of The Village Voice as a kid newsman from Bristol, England, knowing nobody in America.
The central characters of Jumpers are a bewildered ethicist named, as was an actual Russell-era prototype, George Moore (the brilliant Simon Russell Beale); Georges bouncy, juicy, lonely wife Dotty (Essie Davis), a musical-comedy wannabe who is in fact quite dotty, yet shrewd enough to deliver the blockbuster line: Its not the voting, thats democracy, its the counting; and, third wedge in this triangle, the rapacious Archie (Nicky Henson), a rationalist cynic whos making a cuckold of George with Dotty while George keeps trying to dictate his philosophical masterwork (To begin at the beginning: Is God?) to a silent, sexy secretary (Eliza Lumley).
Parallel to all this is a pinwheeling mishmash of murder (of a rabbit, a turtle, a human being); a latter-day televised landing on the moon; many songs about the moon; the legendary Oates/Scott death drama of lost explorers at the South Pole in 1912; and most emphatically, most visibly the pyramidal efforts of a broken-down team of acrobats (or jumpers) as metaphor for the mental gymnastics of George and all other struggling cogitators.
A lot of the writing for me is exuberant, said Stoppard. I always think of theater as a recreation, before anything else. Which gears in with something else Stoppard once said: One doesnt write plays for them not to be seen.
Now, at mention of that: Yes, thanks for reminding me, I dont think one writes for the pleasure of having a text in bound copies on the shelves.
The form of Jumpers the architecture of dancer-actors as acrobats came from much more prosaic circumstances than the musings of the moral philosophers.
When I wrote this play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern had just been done at the [British] National Theatre, a company which had a large number of actors, so that then gave me the opportunity to draw on a large number of people. Here in New York we have eight jumpers. Back then I think there were ten or twelve.
With Stoppard tongue matter-of-factly in Stoppard cheek: Even in those days you wouldnt sensibly, normally write a play for ten or twelve acrobats. Two beats. And now at the National Ive had a play [The Coast of Utopia, his trilogy about the Russian Revolution, coming next season to Lincoln Center] for 30 actors in 70 roles.
He looked around the premises, which were those of a rehearsal room on 42nd Street.
Its kind of emotional for me being in this room again. When youve done everything and been everywhere, you kind of no longer get the thrill of romance. This is the closest Ill ever get to doing a Broadway musical, Stoppard said half under his breath.
But Jumpers is not a musical, Tom.
No, not in the least. Its a play. Its a comedy I hope. Two further beats. Well, it IS a comedy.
Yes, a comedy in which the George Moore character will declare: Copernicus cracked our confidence and Einstein smashed it: for if one can no longer believe that a twelve-inch ruler is always a foot long, how can one be sure of relatively less certain propositions, such as that God made the Heaven and the Earth.
Do you believe in God, Tom?
Im asked that quite often, he said, sucking again on the eyeglass stem. Im impressed and intrigued by people who are certain that they dont. Im not a materialist [unlike Archie in Jumpers]. I dont think my emotions are reducible to electrical events in my neuro system . . . Well, thats one answer. As George says in the play, theres more in one than meets the microscope.
Yes, and George Moore also says in the play that knowledge is only a possibility in matters that can be demonstrated to be true or false, such as that the Bristol train leaves from Paddington [Station].
Tom Stoppard, onetime cub reporter, later third-string drama critic on the Bristol-based Western Daily Press, says with a smile: That was exactly my train. And then rips downstairs and out onto the sidewalk of 42nd Street to light and draw deeply on the cigarette hes been craving since and before God entered the conversation.