By Shirley Secunda and Brad Hoylman
This past January, a distraught public packed Community Board 2s Traffic and Transportation Committee meeting to protest the highway-like nature of a Houston St. reconstruction plan from the Departments of Transportation and Design and Construction. C.B. 2 passed a resolution opposing features of the plan that would raise the pedestrian danger quotient on an already hard-to-cross street, like left-turn bays and removal of median tips (pedestrian safety islands) from crosswalks. The board also hailed D.O.T. and D.D.C.s willingness to work with the community and revisit the drawing board to develop alternatives.
To date, access and safety for nondrivers, always the key concern in this community of pedestrians, has yet to be fully considered. On Feb. 12, Councilmember Alan Gerson assembled community members, public officials, D.O.T. and D.D.C. to discuss the plan. At the meeting, D.O.T./D.D.C. agreed to consider eliminating two of the proposed five left-turn bays, specifically those at W. Broadway and Mercer St. People welcomed the presence of Richard Ocken, D.D.C. deputy commissioner for infrastructure, and Margaret Forgione, D.O.T. Manhattan borough commissioner, and their interest in community-friendly approaches. Yet, the agencies scheme to remove existing median tips from crosswalks hardly budged.
Of 12 median tips that would be cut back by the plan, D.O.T. offered to restore only three. These safety islands provide a vital refuge on the long trek across Houston St., especially for the many children, seniors and people with disabilities who cross there; and they should extend over crosswalks on both the east and west sides of every intersection. Several community residents have observed that no constraints on vehicular turns and access exist at these mid-crossing sanctuaries, and C.B. 2 has never received any complaints about this. Theres no reason to remove them from any of the crosswalks where they currently are now.
The rationale given by John Martin, D.O.T. director of capital planning, for the median tips removal was that new construction (or reconstruction) must be brought up to standard. This sounds like an upgrade, but what Martin really proffered was an obsolete interpretation of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials guidebook for highway engineers (A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets).
The AASHTO Greenbook (as it is commonly called) is a set of guidelines only, meant to be flexible, but in the past too-often applied using a one size fits all street-and-highway planning approach that emphasized easing vehicular speed and comfort, while giving short shrift to pedestrians and communities.
The passage of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century in 1998 further affirmed the need to put walking and community life on an equal footing with moving vehicular traffic. That same year, F.H.A. and AASHTO co-sponsored a seminal conference that resulted in the establishment of context-sensitive design/context-sensitive solutions as the preferred approach to transportation projects.
Context-sensitive designs and solutions require that a street or road respond to the surrounding communitys needs and values, taking into consideration walkers and bicyclists and economic, cultural and social activities, instead of having a community bend to the road and mobility needs only.
AASHTO and the F.H.A. now are developing new guidance for accommodating pedestrians and bicyclists while fostering context-sensitive designs and solutions training programs.
As F.H.A.s Web site point out, There is no question that conditions for bicycling and walking need to be improved in every community in the United States; it is no longer acceptable that 6,000 bicyclists and pedestrians are killed in traffic every year, that people with disabilities cannot travel without encountering barriers, and that two desirable and efficient modes of travel have been made difficult and uncomfortable.
The challenge then is whether we push for this new paradigm as it relates to the reconstruction of Houston St. even if it takes a little longer to produce a street design that serves the multifaceted walking, biking, residential, business, social and qualitative needs of our community, instead of settling for a conduit that simply serves motorists passing through.
Shirley Secunda and Brad Hoylman are respectively, vice chairperson and chairperson of Community Board 2s Traffic and Transportation Committee.