Orson Welles retrospective at Film Forum
By JERRY TALLMER
A great movie is like a great novel, or for that matter a great painting: You can always learn something new. I must, over the years, have seen The Third Man two dozen times, but recently, when I took another look for present purposes, three things that had never registered before jumped out at me.
1. Holly Martinss repeated misspeaking of Major Calloways name (Trevor Howard, blowing smoke through his nose, to blundering, naãve Joseph Cotten: Its Calloway, not Callahan, Im English, not Irish) is paralleled by all-American Hollys repeated misspeaking of villainous Viennese Dr. Winkles name (VIN-kle, not Winkle).
2. When Holly and Anna (gorgeous Alida Valli) are poking around the late Harry Limes flat, shooting questions at the unlucky porter whod seen a third man help carry Harrys body toward the Emperor Joseph statue across the street, she casually, by habit, opens a drawer, extracts a comb from it, runs the comb idly through her hair. A reflex. Of course. This is where she has slept many nights and awakened many mornings.
3. It is not until one full hour has passed that Harry Lime makes physical entry into the 104-minute masterpiece the most famous delayed entry in all cinema with Annas kitten nosing at the shoes of someone in a dark doorway who will turn out to be a naughtily half-smiling Orson Welles, right?
Wrong. Quite some minutes before that, Dr. Winkle and two other conspirators known to us have had a strategy meeting that takes place midway across a bridge over the Danube. We get a quick glimpse of this get-together from a great distance away a long, overhead angle shot. The plotters are mere dots. There are four of them four dots. Three plus one. Harry Lime!
The novel on film that is The Third Man was created by Alexander Korda (original idea), Graham Greene (screenplay), Carol Reed (direction), Anton Karas (zither), Orson Welles (acting, some key dialogue), plus various others.
You can reread this spellbinding novel once again at your leisure during the week of April 9-15, when it closes out the two-month Orson Welles retrospective series at Film Forum.
In all, the series put together by Bruce Goldstein and Harris Dew embraces some 40 motion pictures that were either directed (and/or written) by Welles, or in which Welles is an actor, or assembled by others are about Welles.
This brilliant parade supplies the chance of chances to catch up on such long-neglected, rarely scheduled works as Mr. Arkadin (1955 ur-Welles thriller about a mystery billionaire expunging his past); The Lady From Shanghai (Irish boyo Welles paying 1948 tribute via a shootout in a House of Mirrors to the beauty and sexuality of wife Rita Hayworth); The Trial, 1962 (through a doorway and another doorway into the enormous, crowded, factory-sized courtroom of Kafkas nightmare); Compulsion, 1959, in which through one-to-one osmosis Welles conveys the deep humanity of Clarence Darrow, lawyer for Loeb and Leopold; or even Someone to Love, in which a benign, worldly-wise Welles lends his thoughts to acolyte Henry Jagloms sweet sad 1987 examination of the emotional track record of some friends.
The true Welles does not date. Indeed, watching The Third Man waiting along with Holly Martins for Harry Lime to stroll jauntily from far away across that empty stretch of fairground up to the giant Ferris wheel, I was shortly to be hit with another little jolt of past and present.
Everybody knows what Harry Lime said at that Ferris wheel to moralistic Holly; what Orson Welles had him say:
In Italy, for 30 years under the Borgias, they had warfare, terror, murder, bloodshed, but they produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and the Renaissance. In Switzerland they had brotherly love, they had 500 years of democracy and peace, and what did that produce? The cuckoo clock.
Yes, and in Switzerland, it would just now occur to me that Switzerland of neutrality, brotherly love, and the cuckoo clock they also had Nazi bank accounts, wealth squeezed from the corpses of millions who went up in smoke. The same Switzerland, be it said, in which in this very moment in 2004 some miscreants of the 1940s are being officially forgiven, I kid you not, for having saved from the smokestacks as many Jews as they could by sneaking them in over the border, out of the hands of the Gestapo.
Harry Lime would have appreciated all that. In fact, he foresaw it.
I have lived with Orson Welles all my life, which means since the Mercury Players Doctor Faustus and Julius Caesar of high-school field trips, but more particularly since the summer of 1941, when, with college mate Charles G. Bolte, who looked like Welles, spoke like Welles, and would, a year-and-a-half later lose a leg at Alamein, I came out of Citizen Kane and walked, stunned, the two of us, up Times Square, both knowing we would never in all our days see a greater movie than that. Which turned out to be true.
Orson Welles posters are at Posteritati, 219 Centre Street, opposite the old Police Headquarters, through April 15.
People should cross themselves when they say his name, Marlene Dietrich is reported to have declared of Welles. What she also did say, does say, in Touch of Evil is: He was some kind of a man.
Listen, do you remember when Charles Foster Kane pushes drunken Jedediah Leland away from the typewriter and sits down to bang out, on deadline, completion of the negative review (of Kanes mistress as an opera singer) that Jedediah would have written . . .